Violent debate, enthusiastic writings, shamefaced silence, routes of dream: few components of ancient culture are incredibly hotly contested as Greek pederasty, or – once we shall see below – homosexuality. Since the British classicist K.J. Dover published their influential guide Greek Homosexuality in 1978, an avalanche of the latest studies has showed up. We are able to discern two approaches:
- The historic approach: scholars are searching for the (hypothetical) origins of pederasty in really ancient initiation rites and attempt to reconstruct a development. Frequently, lots of dream is needed, because our sources try not to frequently make reference to these ancient rites.
- The approach that is synchronistic scholars focus upon homosexuality in 5th and fourth-century Athens, where it absolutely was fundamental section of social life.